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Gender Differences in Earnings and Labor Supply in Early Career: Evidence from Kosovo's School-to-Work Transition Survey

1st Person: Pastore, Francesco
Additional Persons: Sattar, Sarosh; Tiongson, Erwin R.
Type of Publication: Paper
Language: English
Published: Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) 2013
Series: IZA Discussion Papers
Keywords: Berufseinstieg
Lohndifferenzierung
Geschlecht
Dekompositionsverfahren
Kosovo
Südosteuropa
China
Labour market integration
Wage structure
Gender
Decomposition method
Kosovo
China
Online: https://www.econstor.eu/bitstream/10419/80572/1/750072008.pdf
id
oai_econstor.eu_10419-80572
recordtype
econstor
institution
MPG
collection
ECONSTOR
title
Gender Differences in Earnings and Labor Supply in Early Career: Evidence from Kosovo's School-to-Work Transition Survey
spellingShingle
Gender Differences in Earnings and Labor Supply in Early Career: Evidence from Kosovo's School-to-Work Transition Survey
Berufseinstieg
Lohndifferenzierung
Geschlecht
Dekompositionsverfahren
Kosovo
Südosteuropa
China
Labour market integration
Wage structure
Gender
Decomposition method
Kosovo
China
Pastore, Francesco
IZA Discussion Papers
title_short
Gender Differences in Earnings and Labor Supply in Early Career: Evidence from Kosovo's School-to-Work Transition Survey
title_full
Gender Differences in Earnings and Labor Supply in Early Career: Evidence from Kosovo's School-to-Work Transition Survey
title_fullStr
Gender Differences in Earnings and Labor Supply in Early Career: Evidence from Kosovo's School-to-Work Transition Survey
title_full_unstemmed
Gender Differences in Earnings and Labor Supply in Early Career: Evidence from Kosovo's School-to-Work Transition Survey
title_sort
Gender Differences in Earnings and Labor Supply in Early Career: Evidence from Kosovo's School-to-Work Transition Survey
format
electronic Article
format_phy_str_mv
Paper
publisher
Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)
publishDate
2013
language
English
topic
Berufseinstieg
Lohndifferenzierung
Geschlecht
Dekompositionsverfahren
Kosovo
Südosteuropa
China
Labour market integration
Wage structure
Gender
Decomposition method
Kosovo
China
topic_facet
Labour market integration
Wage structure
Gender
Decomposition method
Kosovo
China
author
Pastore, Francesco
author2
Sattar, Sarosh
Tiongson, Erwin R.
author2Str
Sattar, Sarosh
Tiongson, Erwin R.
description
Very little is known about gender wage disparities in Kosovo and, to date, nothing is known about how such wage disparities evolve over time, particularly during the first few years spent by young workers in the labor market. More generally, not much is known about gender wage gaps in early career worldwide, a period which is perceived to be an important determinant of the overall gender wage disparity. This paper analyzes data from the School-to-Work Transition (SWT) survey, an unusual survey conducted by the ILO between 2004 and 2006 in eight countries, including Kosovo, that documents the labor market experiences of the youngest age segment in the labor force (age 15-25 years). The results of the analysis suggest that, on average, women have lower education attainment than men but this educational disparity is masked among the sample of employed men and women who tend to be well-educated. The consequences of this dramatic segmentation of labor market participation are striking. On average, there is little or no gender wage gap. The results of the Juhn et al. (1993) decomposition analysis reveals that gender wage differences are almost entirely driven by differences in characteristics (rather than either the returns to those characteristics or the residual). The greater average educational attainment of employed women, among other characteristics, tends to fully offset the gender wage gap. Not surprisingly, the returns to women's education among employed women are low because there is little variation in educational attainment among the sample of well-educated employed women. When the analysis controls for sample selection bias and heterogeneity, the returns to women's education rise, confirming the lower productivity-related characteristics of non-employed women compared to employed women. The relatively small sample constrains a fuller analysis of the emergence of the gender wage gap, which, according to a small but growing international literature, typically materializes during childbearing years.
url
https://www.econstor.eu/bitstream/10419/80572/1/750072008.pdf
series
IZA Discussion Papers
seriesStr
IZA Discussion Papers
IZA Discussion Papers
series2
IZA Discussion Papers
series2_facet
IZA Discussion Papers
up_date
2019-11-22T03:50:16.805Z
_version_
1650872433901568001

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