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Chances and Limits of Experimental Corporatism in Transition Societies: The South Korean Case (1990-2003) in Comparison to Spain (1977-1986)

This study analyses and discusses the chances and limits of corporatist experiments in transition societies. In recent decades, several countries have used them as temporary means of governance to cope with the complicated processes of dual transformation: political and social democratization on... Full description

1st Person: Park, Myung Joon
Type of Publication: Thesis
Thesis note: PhD Dissertation
Published: Köln Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaftliche Fakultät der Universität zu Köln 2009
Keywords: corporatism > transition societies > Korea > industrial relations > tripartism > democratization
Online: http://kups.ub.uni-koeln.de/id/eprint/4406
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Table of Contents:
  • ABSTRACT; TABLES; FIGURES; 1. INTRODUCTION; 1.1. BACKGROUND AND QUESTIONS; 1.1.1. The Tension in Experimental Corporatism; 1.1.2. Trends of Experiences and Studies: Neo‐Corporatism and Experimental Corporatism; 1.1.3. Theoretical Topics and Questions; 1.2. ATTENTION TO KOREA; 1.2.1. Uniqueness of Korea; 1.2.2. Previous Studies on Korea; 1.2.3. Limits of the Previous Studies and Focuses in This Study; 1.3. OUTLINE OF THE RESEARCH; 1.3.1. Research Questions; 1.3.2. Comparison to Spain; 1.3.3. Methodological Principles: Historical Institutionalism; 1.3.4. Data; 1.4. OUTLINE OF THE CHAPTERS; 2. THEORETICAL RESOURCES AND ANALYTICAL FRAMEWORKS; 2.1. THEORETICAL RESOURCES; 2.1.1. Theories of Neo‐Corporatism; 2.1.2. Theories of Democratiztaion; 2.2. CONCEPTS AND FRAMEWORKS; 2.2.1. Concepts and Assumptions; 2.2.2. Frameworks; 3. CONTEXT AND CONFIGURATION OF EXPERIMENTAL CORPORATISM IN KOREA; 3.1. CONTEXT OF DUAL TRANSFORMATION; 3.1.1. Democratization and Political Change; 3.1.2. Globalization of National Economy; 3.1.3. Situation of Labor Markets and Labor Disputes; 3.2. REFORM POLICIES TOWARDS DUAL TRANSFORMATION; 3.2.1. Reforms towards Political and Social Democratization; 3.2.2. Reforms towards Economic Liberalization; 3.3. CONFIGURATION OF ACTORS; 3.3.1. Trade Unions; 3.3.2. Party Politics and Union‐Party Relationship; 3.3.3. Business Associations; 3.3.4. The Strong State Tradition; 4. FORMATIVE EXPERIMENTS (1990‐1997); 4.1. NATIONAL ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COUNCIL (NESC); 4.1.1. Formation; 4.1.2. NESC I (1990‐1992); 4.1.3. NESC II (1993‐1997); 4.1.4. Implications and Effects; 4.2. THE TWO WAGE PACTS; 4.2.1. Wage Pact I (1993); 4.2.2. Wage Pact II (1994); 4.2.3. End of Pact‐Making; 4.2.4. Implications and Effects; 4.3. LABOR LAW REVIEW COMMITTEE (LLRC); 4.3.1. Formation; 4.3.2. LLRC (I) (1992‐1993); 4.3.3. LLRC (II) (1994); 4.3.4. Decline (1994‐1996); 4.3.5. Implications and Effects; 4.4. INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS REFORM COMMISSION (IRRC); 4.4.1. Formation; 4.4.2. IRRC (I): Concertations in 1996; 4.4.3. Resolutions; 4.4.4. Integration Problems after the Concertation; 4.4.5. IRRC II (1997); 4.4.6. Implications and Effects; 5. HEYDAY OF CORPORATISM IN 1998; 5.1. THE GRAND SOCIAL PACTS; 5.1.1. Formation; 5.1.2. Concertation; 5.1.3. Resolutions; 5.1.4. Integration Problems after the Concertation; 5.1.5. Implications and Effects; 5.2. THE SECOND ROUND OF THE TRIPARTITE COMMISSION (KTC II); 5.2.1. Formation; 5.2.2. Concertations; 5.2.3. Resolutions; 5.2.4. Further Problems of Integration and End of the KTC II; 5.2.5. Implications and Effects; 6. CHANCES AND LIMITS OF INSTITUTIONALIZED CORPORATISM (1999‐2003); 6.1. FORMATION OF THE KTC III; 6.1.1. Process of Establishment; 6.1.2. Structure; 6.2. CONCERTATIONS FOR INSTITUTIONAL REFORM; 6.2.1. Agendas and Processes; 6.2.2. Integration Problems during Concertations; 6.2.3. Resolutions; 6.2.4. Integration of the Resolutions; 6.3. CONCERTATIONS FOR INDUSTRIAL RESTRUCTURING; 6.3.1. Agendas and Processes; 6.3.2. Integration Problems during Concertations; 6.3.3. Resolutions; 6.3.4. Integration Problems after the Concertations; 6.4. IMPLICATIONS AND EFFECTS; 6.4.1. Chances and Achievements; 6.4.2. Limits and Failure; 7. THE SPANISH EXPERIMENTS (1977‐1986) REVISITED; 7.1. CONTEXT OF DUAL TRANSFORMATION AND REFORM POLICIES; 7.1.1. Political Change and Democratization; 7.1.2. Dynamics and Internationalization of the National Economy; 7.1.3. Reforms towards Social Democratization; 7.1.4. Reforms towards Economic Liberalization; 7.2. CONFIGURATION OF ACTORS; 7.2.1. Trade Unions; 7.2.2. Party Politics and Union‐Party Relationship; 7.2.3. Business Associations; 7.2.4. The Strong State Tradition; 7.3. EXPERIMENTAL CORPORATISM UNDER THE UCD GOVERNMENT (1977‐1982); 7.3.1. The Moncloa Pacts (1977); 7.3.2. ABI (1979); 7.3.3. AMI (1980); 7.3.4. ANE (1981); 7.4. EXPERIMENTAL CORPORATISM UNDER THE PSOE GOVERNMENT (1983‐1986); 7.4.1. AI (1983); 7.4.2. AES (1984); 7.4.3. End of Pact‐Making; 7.4.4. Concertations for Industrial Restructuring; 8. COMPARISON BETWEEN KOREA AND SPAIN; 8.1. CONTEXTUAL AND CONFIGURATIVE FACTORS; 8.1.1. Context; 8.1.2. Configuration; 8.2. FORMATION AND INTEGRATION; 8.2.1. Experiments under the Conservative Governments; 8.2.2. Experiments under the Center‐Left Governments; 8.2.3. Synthetic Features; 8.3. EFFECTS AND IMPLICATIONS ON INSTITUTIONAL REFORM; 8.3.1. Concertations and Creation of Democratic Industrial Relations; 8.3.2. Concertations and Construction of a Welfare State; 8.3.3. Concertations and Deregulation of Labor Markets; 8.4. SPECIAL ATTENTION; 8.4.1. Concertations and Wage Restraints; 8.4.2. Concertations and Industrial Restructuring; 8.4.3. Further Grand Effects; 9. CONCLUSION; 9.1. SUMMARY: FEATURES OF EXPERIMENTAL CORPORATISM IN KOREA; 9.1.1. Formation and Dynamics; 9.1.2. Integration; 9.1.3. Effects; 9.2. THEORETICAL IMPLICATIONS; 9.2.1. Implications on the Theories of Neo‐Corporatism; 9.2.2. Implications on the Theories of Democratization; 9.3. TOWARDS INTENSIFYING THE STUDIES OF TRANSITION CORPORATISM; 9.3.1. Characteristics of Transition Corporatism; 9.3.2. Conceptualization and Tentative Frameworks for Elaborating Analyses; 9.3.3. Further Issues; REFERENCES; ACADEMIC LITERATURES AND DOCUMENTS; NEWSPAPER ARTICLES; APPENDIX; LIST OF THE INTERVIEWEES; RESOLUTIONS IN DETAIL; ABBREVIATIONS; ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

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