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A new relational method for smoothing and projecting age-specific fertility rates: TOPALS

Age-specific fertility rates can be smoothed using parametric models or splines. Alternatively a relational model can be used which relates the age profile to be fitted or projected to a standard age schedule. This paper introduces TOPALS (tool for projecting age patterns using linear splines), a... Full description

1st Person: de Beer, Joop
Source: in Demographic research Vol. 24 (2011), p. 409-454
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Type of Publication: Article
Language: English
Published: 2011
Online: Volltext
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