[Note e dicussioni]
We draw on a complete data-base for the Italian automotive market which allows to identify make, model and version for all the vehicles sold, including the main technical characteristics for each version. The period considered is from January 1998 to March 2002. The main result is that the... Full description
|1st Person:||CAMPIGLIO, LUIGI|
|Additional Persons:||LONGHI, ALESSIA verfasserin; PARODI, GIULIANA verfasserin|
in Rivista internazionale di scienze sociali Vol. 112, No. 3 (2004), p. 307-351
|Type of Publication:||Article|
We draw on a complete data-base for the Italian automotive market which allows to identify make, model and version for all the vehicles sold, including the main technical characteristics for each version. The period considered is from January 1998 to March 2002. The main result is that the official inflation rate, measured on a sample, underestimates the true inflation rate, measured on the universe. Over the period the official annual inflation rate was +2,1 percent, while our estimate on the universe was +5,2 percent. We suggest two explanations: increasing market variety and improved quality. Our estimates confirm a significant increase in market variety. Inflation rate is lower in the lower market segments and higher in the higher ones, perhaps not full represented in the sample. The role of quality is confirmed, but its effective impact on inflation measure is ambiguous. In September 2003 legislation about new types of contracts of employment has been passed in Italy; the part of it which deals with the employment of the disabled is critically discussed in this article. Attention is drawn on the lack of clarity and on evident inconsistencies within the legislation itself. A comparison with previous (1999) legislation shows how the rights of the disabled have now become weaker, especially with respect to rules about placements, threatening the still existing principle of compulsory hiring. Particularly questionable appears the institution of agents contracting out jobs to firms which, if applicable to the disabled as well, is likely to reduce the chances of employment of the severely disabled. Discrimination, both by employers and by colleagues is discussed, and more attention to proper evaluation of job potential and to difficulties faced in the job environment is advocated. An example of good practice is described.
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