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The Holtzendorff Memorandum of 22 December 1916 and Germany's Declaration of Unrestricted U-Boat Warfare

As Chief of the Admiralty Staff of the Imperial German Navy, Admiral Henning von Holtzendorff was the driving force behind the German declaration of unrestricted U-boat warfare in 1917. In his memorandum of 22 December 1916, Holtzendorff condensed the key arguments of his fifteen-month struggle... Full description

1st Person: Steffen, Dirk
Source: in The journal of military history Vol. 68, No. 1 (2004), p. 215-224
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Type of Publication: Article
Language: English
Published: 2004
Keywords: research-article
Online: Volltext
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